Scriptures that Teach the Trinity of God

Plural Pronouns used of God

Genesis 1:1 The name of God is plural—“Elohim”
Genesis 1 :26 And God said, “Let us make man . . .”
Genesis 11:5-7 “Let us go down”
Isaiah 6:8 “Who shall I send and who will go for us”

God’s Name applied to more than One Person in the text

Psalm 2:7 Father and Son—Yahweh
Psalm 45:6-7 “God, your God, has set you above your companions”

OT Passages suggest the Number of Persons is Three

Isaiah 48:16 “And now the Lord GOD has sent Me and His Spirit”
Isaiah 61:1 “The Spirit of Lord God is on Me”

NT Passages where each of the Three Persons is recognized as God

John 6:27 The Father is God
Hebrews 1:8 The Son is God
Acts 5:3-4 The Holy Spirit is God

NT Passages where Three Persons are set forth as One God

John 10:30 Father and Son are One
Romans 8:9 Son and Spirit are One
John 14:16, 18, 23 Father, Son and Spirit are One

NT Passages where Three Persons appear together

Matthew 3:16-17 Baptism of Jesus
Matthew 28:19 Baptism in the Name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit
Luke 1:35 Announcement of Jesus’ Birth
1 Corinthians 12:4-6 Gifts of the Triune God
2 Corinthians 13:14 The Triune Benediction
Ephesians 4:4-6 The One Baptism
1 Peter 1:2-3 The Work of the Triune God
Jude 20-21 Exhortation centered in the Triune God

There exist certain distinctions of priority and subordination among the Three Persons of the Trinity, but these distinctions concern their respective functions—what they do, not what they are. In the work of the Godhead, the Father is first, the Son is second, and the Spirit is third.

Yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and we through Him (1 Corinthians 8:6).

For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father (Ephesians 2:18).

The Father sends the Son (1 John 4:10) and the Son sends the Holy Spirit from the Father (John 14:26; 15:26). The subordination of the Son is voluntary (Philippians 2:5-7), by inference, the Spirit’s subordination is voluntary also. Hence, the Holy Spirit is always spoken of as the Third Person of the Trinity; this reference does not imply inferiority.

In the NT, the Father is present drawing, loving and bestowing the Son. The Son is presented as suffering, redeeming and bestowing the Spirit. The Spirit is presented bestowing life—baptizing, regenerating, indwelling, energizing, and sanctifying.

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