There are sins against the Holy Spirit that have dreadful results.
QUENCHING THE SPIRIT. “Quench not the Spirit” (1 Thessalonians 5:19 KJV).
The verb sbennumi (sbennum) means to “extinguish,” “quench” or “to go out.” It is used of fire or things on fire. Metaphorically, it might indicate to put out, extinguish, quench, suppress or stifle divine influence. The foolish virgins lamented that their lamps had gone out (Matthew 25:8). Christ described Hell as a place where the fire would not be quenched (Matthew 9:44-48). Paul used this
verb in the believer’s warfare against Satan.
In every situation take the shield of faith, and with it you will be able to extinguish the flaming arrows of the evil one (Ephesians 6:16).
The believer extinguishes Satan’s influence by faith and the Holy Spirit’s influence by lack of faith. Though the Spirit is all-powerful, He can go out in the believer. How might this occur? Summed up in one word, it is “self.” It is the big “I.” It occurs when the flesh, the sinful nature, wins the battle and the lordship of Christ and the Spirit is rejected. Some of the traits of missing faith in the individual are self-will, self-seeking, self-assertion, self-indulgence, self-pity, self-love, self-exaltation, self-justification, and self-confidence. The Spirit-filled life is a selfless life. It is Christ-centered. It is disastrous to permit the flesh to have its way and not to have the beatitude attitude (Matthew 5:3-12).
He worketh as fire, by enlightening, enlivening, and purifying the souls of men. As fire is put out by taking away fuel, and as it is quenched by pouring water, or putting a great deal of earth upon it; so we must be careful not to quench the Holy Spirit, by indulging carnal lusts and affections, minding only earthly things (Matthew Henry).
To avoid extinguishing the Spirit, the believer has to follow the advice the apostle gives to Timothy.
Therefore, I remind you to keep ablaze [anazwpurein, kindle up, cause to burn] the gift of God that is in you through the laying on of my hands (2 Timothy 1:6).
Like a fire dwelling within each believer, the Holy Spirit wants to express Himself through our actions and attitudes. It is not hard to put out the fire of the Spirit. The neglect of cultivating such things as praying, renewing the mind through the Scriptures, worshiping the Lord on a regular basis, and a careful watchfulness over the heart, will do it. The thorns of worldliness, vanity, ambition, pride, and self-love will choke the Spirit and Word implanted in the heart. When the fire goes out the individual is left in a state of darkness and coldness. It is too late to kindle the fire when the spark goes out!