The Spirit and the Shekinah Glory

The Holy Spirit appears in the sixty-third chapter of Isaiah’s prophecy. Isaiah recognized the Holy Spirit as the Divine Presence, the Shekinah Glory, who dwelt in the midst of Israel, and led them through the Red Sea and the desert.

But they rebelled, and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He became their enemy and fought against them. Then He remembered the days of the past, the days of Moses and his people. Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherds of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit among the flock? He sent His glorious arm at Moses’ right hand, divided the waters before them to obtain eternal fame for Himself, and led them through the depths like a horse in the wilderness, so that they did not stumble. Like cattle that go down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD gave them rest. You led Your people this way to make a glorious name for Yourself (Isaiah 63:10-14).

In the tenth chapter of First Corinthians, Paul recognized a parallel between the Shekinah Glory and the Holy Spirit, when he warned the Church not to repeat the apostasy of Israel.

Now I want you to know, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, all passed through the sea, and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea (1 Corinthians 10:1-2).

As the Israelites step into the sea, the pillar of the cloud guarded their rear, they were baptized into Moses the servant of God, the representative of the Old Covenant. This event typified, the Holy Spirit baptizing the believer into Christ, the Servant of Yahweh, who is the representative of the New Covenant. Therefore, the Shekinah Glory is symbolic of the Holy Spirit. The Shekinah Glory is associated with the Tabernacle and Temple in the Old Covenant. The believer indwelt by the Holy Spirit is the temple of God in the New Covenant.

Don’t you know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit lives in you? (1 Corinthians 3:16 NIV).

In the OT, Pharaoh recognized the Spirit of God in or with Joseph. The king saw Joseph as a discerning and wise man, having skill in administration (Genesis 41:38). Pharaoh’s recognition triggers important questions.

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